Is the Milk You're Drinking Pure? Like 100% Pure?
You should know that around 68.7 percent of milk and milk products sold in the country is not as per the standards laid down by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI), as per a report by the Ministry of Science and Technology.
Recently, another study by the state food safety department of Hyderabad analyzed a total 7717 samples, of which 2307 were found to be ‘non-conforming,’ or adulterated.
As reported by the New Indian Express, Naresh Kadyan, a consumer rights activist who has been campaigning for tighter quality controls on milk, says a larger sample would probably reveal much higher levels of adulteration.
Food safety departments in most states are short-staffed. There are only about 30-40 or 50 food inspectors in each state that is too little given the demand. There are thousands of dairies and groceries in any big city selling dairy products.
As per a comparative study done by Hemanth Singuluri and Sukumaran MK in 2014, there are various adulterants daily farms use.
Let's take a look at few of them.
Water is an adulterant in milk which is often always added to increase the volume of milk which in turn decreases the nutritive/nutrition value. What's more, contaminated water poses a serious health risk, especially to infants and elders.
The presence of water can be detected by putting a drop of milk on a polished slanting surface. The drop of pure milk flows slowly leaving a white trail behind it, whereas milk adulterated with water will flow immediately without leaving a mark.
According to National Survey on Milk Adulteration conducted by FSSAI (India) in 2011, water is the most common adulterant followed by detergent in milk.
They are added to emulsify and dissolve the oil in water giving a frothy solution, the characteristic white colour of milk. Detergents can cause gastrointestinal complications among other diseases.
Shake 5-10 ml of sample with an equal amount of water. Lather indicates the presence of detergent.
It's added to milk to provide whiteness, increase the consistency of milk and level the contents of solid-not-fat (SNF) as are present in natural milk. The presence of urea in milk overburdens the kidneys as they have to filter out more urea content from the body.
Take a teaspoon of milk in a test tube. Add half teaspoon of Soybean or Arhar powder. Mix up the contents thoroughly by shaking the test tube. After 5 minutes, dip a red litmus paper in it. Remove the paper after half a minute, a change in color from red to blue indicates the presence of urea in the milk.
This bleaching agent is added to milk to prolong its freshness. It damages the gastrointestinal cells which can lead to gastritis and inflammation of the intestine.
This can't be done at home, but just FYI, take 5ml milk in a test tube. Add 3 drops of Paraphenylene Diamine and shake well. Change in colour of the milk to blue confirms that the milk is adulterated with Hydrogen Peroxide.
If high amounts of starch is added, it can cause diarrhea due to the effects of undigested starch in the colon. Its accumulation in the body may prove very fatal for diabetic patients.
You can add a few drops of tincture of Iodine or Iodine solution. Formation of blue colour indicates the presence of starch.
This can cause disruption in hormone signaling that regulates development and reproduction.
Again, this test can't be done at home, but for your information, take 3ml of milk in a test tube, add 5ml of Rectified Spirit to it, and then add 4 drops of Rosalic Acid solution. The appearance of red/rosy coloration indicates the milk is adulterated.
Any Solution in Sight?
You can do two things:
1. Always prefer A2 milk (we have written about this before)
2. Perform any test (mentioned above) at home or ask your A2 milk supplier about their safety standards
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has issued an advisory to the Government of India stating that if adulteration of milk and milk products is not checked immediately, 87% of citizens would be suffering from serious diseases by the year 2025.
Why Desi A2 Milk?
The danger from Regular Milk is in its protein structure. The beta-casein in A1 milk has a structure that allows a short molecule called BCM-7 to split off during digestion and it can cause various problems — ranging from diabetes, autism, schizophrenia, allergies, to autoimmune diseases such as MS and Parkinson's.
The dairy industry doesn't want to hear this, as there is a cost for them to switch to all DESI cows. Nonetheless, it is essential for public health that this conversion be done as quickly as possible.
Free Sample of Desi A2 Milk
The conclusion is that we should not drink regular A1 milk or any milk that's not coming from safe source and adulterated. Organic Mandya does a free door delivery of Desi A2 Milk in most areas in Bengaluru, please click here to get a free sample.